CRN Sponsored Sessions for LSA 2015

Dear Citizenship & Immigration CRN Members,

As you know, this year’s LSA conference will be in Seattle from May 28 – 31, 2015. Abstracts are due on October 15, 2014. There are a few different ways you can work through the CRN:

1) You can organize a panel and request that it be sponsored by the CRN. If you go this route, please send your panel information (panel title / description and panelists / titles / abstracts) to Marjorie Zatz (, ideally by October 1.

2) You can use the listserv to form a panel. Simply send an email to, describing the panel you would like to form. Be sure to keep the panel topic broad enough to attract at least three other papers. You might also consider sharing your abstract and asking whether anyone is doing similar work. When the panel comes together, you can follow the instructions above for submitting an organized panel. Conversely, if you are not able to form a panel, you can follow the instructions below for submitting an individual abstract.

3) You can submit an individual abstract to us, asking that we place it on a panel. These should be sent to Jamie Longazel ( Please try to submit by October 1 so that we have enough time to arrange panels before the deadline.

4) Some CRN members have expressed interest in Author Meets Reader sessions.  Books must be published in calendar year 2014.  Proposals for AMR Books Sessions SHOULD BE SUBMITTED FOLLOWING DIRECTIONS AT  Only 15 AMR sessions will be selected by the LSA Program Committee from those submitted. As with other panels, please let us know if you have submitted an AMR session, and if it is selected.

Unfortunately, only four panels can be guaranteed ‘no overlap’ – meaning, they will not run concurrently with any other Citizenship & Immigration Sessions. We will give preference in this regard to those panels that were pre-organized. The good news is that AMRs, if selected by the Program Committee, do not count towards the participation limits for the participants and thus constitute an exception to the “4 non-current scheduling”  meaning it’d be a 5th non-concurrent scheduled session. Of course, if you have any questions, please do let us know.

Also, if you would like to serve as a chair or a discussant on a CRN panel, let Maartje van der Woude ( know and we will try to arrange for that.

Best regards, Jamie, Maartje and Marjorie

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The Negotiated Expansions of Immigration Control

Introducing The Negotiated Expansions of Immigration Control

Dear Colleagues,

We are excited to announce a recent accomplishment by members of our collaborative research network: the publication of a special issue in Law & Social Inquiry (LSI). Titled The Negotiated Expansions of Immigration Control, the issue explores how global migration control anticipates, quells, and co-opts resistance efforts as it continues to expand. The issue was edited by two of the CRN’s current organizers, Jamie Longazel and Maartje van der Woude, and features articles written by some of our members. All of the articles are now available on LSI’s website. The table of contents is as follows:

“New deterrence scripts in Australia’s rejuvenated offshore detention regime for asylum seekers”
by Sharon Pickering and Leanne Weber

“Crimmigration in the Netherlands?”
by Maartje van der Woude, Joanne van der Leun and Jo-Anne Nijland

“Rhetorical Barriers to Mobilizing for Immigrant Rights: White Innocence and Latina/o Abstraction”
by Jamie G. Longazel

“Peripheral Matters: The Emergence of Legalized Politics in Local Struggles over Unauthorized Immigration”
by Doris Marie Provine, Martha Luz Rojas-Wiesner, and Germán Martínez Velasco

“Temporary Protection, Enduring Contradiction: The Contested and Contradictory Meanings of Temporary Immigration Status”
by Miranda Cady Hallett

“From Problems of Living to Problems of Law: The Legal Translation and Documentation of Immigrant Abuse and Helpfulness”
by Sarah Morando Lakhani

“The Limits of Discretion: Challenges and Dilemmas of Prosecutorial Discretion in Immigration Enforcement”
By Marjorie Zatz and Nancy Rodriguez

In addition to encouraging you to give the issue a read, we would also like our members to consider similar collaborative projects you might like to undertake. This project was a great success, not just in terms of producing a lot of good scholarship, but also in strengthening our intellectual community. If you have ideas for a similar project, let us know and we will happily work with you to bring it to fruition.


Jamie, Maartje, and Marjorie

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Open Call for Contributions to Border Criminologies

Based at the Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford, Border Criminologies brings together academics, practitioners and those who have experienced border control from around the world. Showcasing original research from a range of perspectives, we hope to better understand the effect of border control and to explore alternatives.

We have an open call for guest posts that:

Profile interesting and innovative projectsthat challenge ideas about border control, identity, and belonging (e.g. )

The blog entries are usually between 500 and 1500 words and we like to include photos whenever possible, as well as link to other resources as appropriate (e.g., news stories, project websites, etc.). Submissions are reviewed by the editorial team. More on how to contribute at

Check out our Spring 2014 update to know more about what we’re up to. Also, you can follow us at  twitter(@bordercrim), facebook and flickr as use these means to engage in discussion and circulate our posts.

Any questions, please do not hesitate in contacting us at

We look forward to hearing from you!

Ines, Sarah, Mary and Andriani.

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Research project: enforcing immigration law at a local level

Immigration enforcement stands at the juncture of foreign and domestic policy, significantly impacting law enforcement practices, national security and local community dynamics. Traditionally, the federal government has set immigration enforcement policies and practices, leading some people to expect consistency across jurisdictions.  However, an NSF-funded study suggests that local enforcement is a patchwork of policies characterized by infrequent cross-jurisdictional consultation and coordination.

Drawing primarily on surveys and interviews with police chiefs and sheriffs, an interdisciplinary research team investigated how local law enforcement agencies develop immigration enforcement policies and practices for their communities. The researchers found that most of the policymaking occurs at the local level, although a few states are attempting to direct immigration law-enforcement policy statewide.  Policy decisions also appear to be influenced more by local intergovernmental dynamics than by objective enforcement needs.

In addition, local communities and law enforcement differ in their view of local enforcement of immigration law, with communities downplaying the problems associated with these responsibilities. Demographic change, the form of local government and the police chief’s ethnicity can significantly impact enforcement approaches. Lower levels of enforcement are evident in departments in which the police chief was an ethnic minority.

The research team disseminated their results to the National League of Cities and to state and local police officer standards and training councils as well as to academic audiences.

For more information, go to or contact Doris Marie Provine:

As part of the online restart the CRN-Blog will regularly give space to researchers to promote a research project, publication or anything else they like to share. If you want to bring your project or publication under the attention, please get in touch with the administrators:

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“The Borders of Crimmigration” conference, Leiden, the Netherlands, October 9-10 2014

On the 9th and 10th of October 2014, the CINETS network (Crimmigration Control – International Net of Studies) will organize her second Crimmigration Control conference. After the success of the first conference, which was held in Coimbra, Portugal in 2012, this conference will take place at Leiden University in the Netherlands. The theme of this year’s conference is:

“The Borders of Crimmigration” 

The theme
Globalization has led to a far-reaching transformation of the relationship between states which is particularly evident in the way that territorial borders are managed, negotiated and imagined. As the relationships between states shift and the boundaries between national and international become increasingly blurred, scholars and practitioners have come to realize that the changes in the nature and the meaning of borders require greater translation and interaction between various disciplines such as criminology, sociology, law, anthropology, political sciences and international relations. In this second CINETS conference, we aim to bring together scholars, practitioners, NGO’s and (PhD-) students from these various disciplines in order to contribute to the discussion on– actual or imaginary, legal or social, internal or external – borders as a key concept in crimmigration studies. Besides raising questions on discussing immigration policies concerning crimmigration in relation to borders and border control, this conference aims to address questions on the extent and differences in the policies implemented to penalize aggressors in crimes involving immigrants. This conference will not only focus on abstract theoretical notions that have been claimed to explain the crimmigration trend, but also on the practical implications and (un)intended consequences of crimmigration in the field of law enforcement.

Keynote speakers
We are proud to introduce our five excellent keynote speakers:

Katja Frankoo Aas,professor of criminology at the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law of the University of Oslo. Her primary research interests are in globalization, migration, international police co-operation, and on the uses of advanced information and communication technologies in contemporary crime control strategies, border controls in particular. She is currently heading research projects on crime control in the borderlands of Europe and on Frontex, the European agency for the management of external borders.

Mary Bosworth,reader in criminology and fellow of St Cross College at the University of Oxford and professor of criminology at Monash University, Australia. Professor Bosworth conducts international and comparative research into the ways in which prisons and immigration detention centres uphold notions of race, gender and citizenship and how those who are confined negotiate their daily lives. She is currently heading a research project on incarceration in a global age and conducting research in Greek immigration detention centres.

Jennifer Chacón.Jennifer Chacón is professor of law at the School of Law of the University of California at Irvine.She does research in the fields of immigration law, constitutional law and criminal law and procedure. As a teacher of both criminal procedure and immigration law and policy, professor Chacón is particularly interested in questions arising at the intersection of these fields.

Juliet Stumpf. Juliet Stumpf is professor of law at Lewis & Clark Law School in Portland, Oregon.  Her research explores the intersection of immigration law with criminal law, constitutional law, civil rights, and employment law.  She coined the term ‘crimmigration’ in her influential article ‘The Crimmigration Crisis: Immigrants, Crime, and Sovereign Power ‘ (2006, American University Law Review). Professor Stumpf is a founding member of the CINETS network.

Michael Tonry. Michael Tonry is one of the world’s leading experts on crime and public policy. He is the McKnight Presidential Professor of Criminal Law and Policy, director of the Institute on Crime and Public Policy of the University of Minnesota, and a Scientific Member of the Max Planck Institute on Comparative and International Criminal Law in Freiburg, Germany. Professor Tonry is the founder and editor of the well-known series Crime and Justice – A Review of Research (University of Chicago Press, since 1977).

Panel sessions Furthermore, presenters from all over the world and from different academic backgrounds will touch upon a broad range of migration related topics in 19 interactive panel sessions. The panel sessions will cover subjects such as human trafficking, cross-national perspectives on immigration detention, deportation, border practices, national cases of crimmigration, and many more.

Please find below more detailed information about the keynote speakers and the panel sessions program. For more information about the CINETS network and our activities, please visit our website Here you can also find the online registration form for the conference.

Borders of Crimmigration – keynote speakers and panel sessions

Borders of Crimmigration flyer

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CRN 2 Sessions at LSA Minneapolis

Dear Members,

In less than two weeks most of us will see each other again at the annual meeting of the Law & Society Association, in Minneapolis. Here is a quick overview of all the CRN 2 sponsored sessions as well as the date and time of our social mixer and business meeting.

Looking forward to seeing you all in Minneapolis!

Marjorie, Jamie & Maartje


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Crimmigration and Decision-making in the Borderlands of the Netherlands

We are happy to introduce the research project “Crimmigration and Decision-making the Borderlands of the Netherlands”. The research is carried out by researchers of the Institute for Criminal Law & Criminology of Leiden Law School the Netherlands and supported by the Leiden University Fund and the Gratama Foundation. The research project is founded and coordinated by Dr. Maartje van der Woude (Associate Professor of Criminal Law). Other research affiliates are Prof. Joanne van der Leun (Professor of Criminology), Jelmer Brouwer M.Sc. (PhD- Student) and Tim Dekkers M.Sc. (Junior Researcher). The project officially started October 1st 2013, the data collection mid November 2013.

Background of the research

In accordance with the legal framework of the Schengen Border Code (SBC) enabling the free movement of persons, in 1994 the Netherlands has introduced so-called Mobile Surveillance Controls (MSC) which are carried out in border areas on roads, in trains, on the water and at airports. These mobile controls allow the Border Police to check citizens’ travel documents in areas immediately behind the internal borders. The purpose of these “stop and identify” controls is to counter irregular stay in the Netherlands as well as some forms of related cross-border crime, such as human smuggling and identification fraud.

As with all stop and search-like powers, in the case of the MSC the authorized Border Patrol official enjoys a certain professional discretion in the exercise of the MSC: which person – or which vehicle – should be checked and who should not? Whereas it is necessary and desirable for law enforcement officials to have discretionary space, is the way in which officials use and give substance to this space increasingly subject of international discussion and scrutiny. These discussions and researches particularly focus on the factors and indicators that – either consciously or unconsciously – influence an official’s decision to stop a certain person or vehicle over another. In these discussions scholars from various disciplines often point at possible dangers of the expansion of discretionary stop and search powers. Not only would some of these powers be at odds with fundamental and human rights, more often, scholars also point at the danger of ethnic profiling. With regard to the latter, the increased use of technology and data-collection is also presented as highly problematic. Whereas these discussions used to be mostly focussed on law enforcement in the United States and the United Kingdom, the past couple of years a similar debate has risen in several European countries, the Netherlands being one of them.

Without downplaying the necessity to take these debates and the concerns that were raised seriously, for the Netherlands, solid empirical evidence is often lacking. In fact, little is known about the ways in which law enforcement officials perceive and use their discretionary powers as well as the factors that play a role in the decision-making process. The same holds for the ways in which stop and search powers are perceived and experienced by the persons who are subjected to them.

Research Aim

The research project aims to gain insight into the complexity and layered realities of front-line decision-making by border control officers as well as to gain insight into the perceptions of those who pass through the borderlands and were subjected to border checks. By combining these two aspects, the goal of the research is to contribute to current national and international discussions on the legitimacy and effectiveness of profiling and discretionary decision-making in the areas of immigration and crime control.

Data Collection

The data collection consists of 600 – 800 hours of observational study during which the researchers observe the ways in which the border control officers carry out their duties and during which they also question the officers involved about their decisions. In a later stage of the research focus groups will be held with different groups of border control officers as well policy makers. Besides this, another important part of the fieldwork consists of interviewing the people who were stopped and checked. Due to the great range of nationalities passing through the borderlands, this part of the data collection is carried out by having the people fill out a short semi-structured survey. The survey has been translated in to 14 languages.

For more information, please contact Maartje van der Woude:

As part of the online restart the CRN-Blog will regularly give space to researchers to promote a research project, publication or anything else they like to share. If you want to bring your project or publication under the attention, please get in touch with the administrators:

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